Details are very important when making a lasting impression. A great first impression can be achieved by adding an extra layer of craftsmanship. There are various grain and color variations across all wood species. When a wood veneer is intricately cut, natural characteristics shine through even to the untrained eye. Advances in technology have changed the course of operations in the residential and commercial wood door industry. Veneers are cut from logs one of two ways: on a rotary lathe or a slicing machine. The method of cutting is determined by the overall grain pattern on the face of the door. This is how the appearance of the natural grain pattern can be altered, even if 2 different veneer sections come from the same log.
Possessing the right cut, face style, and color is essential when setting the tone for what may lie beyond the door. The most commonly used types of cut or slice include: rotary cut which is the most economical. It is usually used only for birch veneer and provides a wild grain pattern. Plain sliced or flat cut are mostly used for architectural wood doors. It forms a pleasing appearance with its’ cathedral patterns while still being cost effective. Quarter sliced cut is a vertically straight pattern which results in a higher cost due to producing waste. Rift cut is produced on a half round slicing machine which is usually only used for oaks to diminish or eliminate the flake in a straight pattern.
Since the veneer has been cut into sheets, sections must be aligned and put back together to cover the entire face of the door. How the individual sheets are placed next to one another changes the pattern that appears on the door. This is called veneer matching. Veneer matches are usually one of the following:
Book Match: this is where every other piece of veneer is turned over so that with the piece next to it there is a mirrored image and it opens like two pages in a book. This helps to provide a consistent grain throughout the door.
Slip Match: This match does not provide a mirrored effect due to the veneer component being bonded in a sequence without turning over every other piece.
Random Match: a random selection from one or more logs is made to form a “board-like” appearance.
End Match: A single piece of veneer is used, running from bottom to top of the door creating a mirror image.
Continuous Match: Single piece of veneer is used for transom and face of the door.
As you can see there are endless options and many choices to be made. This can lead to quite a bit of confusion. This is why the assistance of a professional is recommended when deciding which interior wood doors are best for commercial use.